…Bäume wurden in Rumänien während
der EU-Ratspräsidentschaft Rumäniens
im ersten Halbjahr 2019 gefällt… mehr dazu
Urwaldzerstörung in Europa
Rumänien beherbergt noch große Urwälder. Aber sie werden abgeholzt. Sogar in Nationalparks. Rumänien hat ab Jänner 2019 den EU-Ratsvorsitz. Die Regierung muss handeln. Daher: Petition unterschreiben und weitersagen!
Nirgendwo sonst in der gemäßigten Klimazone in Europa haben so viele Urwälder überlebt wie in Rumänien. Doch sie werden zerstört. Jeden Tag. Unsere Video-Doku's zeigen das Ausmaß der brutalen Zerstörung...
Obwohl im Natura 2000 Gebiet Fagaras-Gebirge gelegen, steht dieser Naturschatz nicht unter Schutz. Die Erhaltung dieser einmaligen Wildnis und Naturtourismus könnte der lokalen Wirtschaft aber weit mehr nutzen als die Abholzung...
Rumänien beherbergt den größten Urwaldschatz der EU. Doch der wird unter den Augen von Regierung und Behörden geplündert. In rasender Geschwindigkeit. Und die aktuelle Regierung attackiert nun auch noch die eigenen Urwaldschutzbestimmungen. Der Hut brennt!
Unberührter Buchen-Tannen-Wald im Natura 2000-Gebiet Fagaras-Gebirge: Im benachbarten Sinca-Tal wurde ein UNESCO-Weltnaturerbe-Gebiet gewidmet. Im Stramba-Tal (Bild) wird der Urwald aber abgeholzt, 2017 wurden weitere Flächen zerstört...
Rotbuchen-Urwälder gibt es nur in Europa. Vor 5000 Jahren war Europa das Reich der Buche. Eine UNESCO Weltnaturerbestätte bewahrt die letzten Reste. Der herrliche Iauna Craiova-Urwald im Domogled Nationalpark ist einer davon.
Unweit des geplanten UNESCO-Weltnaturerbe-Gebiets im Iauna Craiova-Tal im Domogled - Valera Cernei Nationalpark ist vom Urwald so gut wie nichts mehr übrig: Bäume abgeholzt, Boden verwüstet. Diese Wunde wird erst in Jahrhunderten heilen.
Europas Urwälder gedeihen kontinuierlich seit der letzten Eiszeit und werden von der Evolution laufend optimiert. Sie sind daher extrem stabil. Wenn man sie abholzt, dauert es viele Jahrhunderte, bis sie diesen Zustand wieder erreichen.
Der Holzhunger internationaler Groß-Sägewerke und die Gier von Land- und Holzräubern hat die Waldzerstörung in Rumänien in den letzten 10-15 Jahren an die Spitze getrieben. Gesetze wurden missachtet, Verstöße kaum geahndet. Jetzt geht es um die letzten Urwaldflächen!
Der stark bedrohte und streng geschützte Eremit kann nur in Wäldern mit Altbäumen und Totholz überleben. Die letzten Urwälder sind Rettungsinseln für viele unserer natürlichen Mitbewohner. Werden die alten Wälder umgeschnitten, bedeutet das ihren Tod.
In Bäumen und im Boden speichern Urwälder gewaltige Mengen Kohlendioxid. Durch Kahlschläge und Holz-Verbrennung wird das Gas freigesetzt. Urwälder taugen daher nicht als "Bioenergie". Vielmehr tragen sie selber massiv zum Klimaschutz bei.
Activists from Agent Green were able to stop an illegal road construction through an old growth forest in south western Romania. Big parts of Mehedinti Pleateau Geopark were threatened, and some parts already destroyed, by plans for a controversial road construction. After the submission of a notification by Agent Green, Romanian state forests enterprise Romsilva had to stop the logging and construction on 2nd October 2019.
The Mehedinți Plateau Geopark (Romanian: Geoparcul Platoul Mehedinți) is a protected area (Natural Park – Category V protected area according to IUCN) situated in Romania, on the administrative territory of counties Gorj (5%) and Mehedinți (95%). It encompasses a hilly area (ravine, gentler valleys, limestone pavements, caves, pit caves, forests, pasture) and shelters a large variety of flora and fauna, including some rare and endemic species.
Nevertheless, Romsilva decided to build a forest road through the park, although they did not have the necessary permit from the park administration and although no adequate environmental assessment had been pursued. It seams very much likely they started to build this unapproved forest road because of logging interests in the Nature park, which is also protected as “Site of Community Interest” under the EU Natura 2000 regime. The old-growth forest on limestone is explicitely under protection of European legislation as habitat type “Medio-European limestone beech forests of the Cephalanthero-Fagion” (9150). The Habitats Directive (Natura 2000) prohibits significant deterioration or degradation of natural habiats in a good conservation status in Natura 2000 sites.
The efforts of environmental activist, Alexandru Teleaga, along with Agent Green turned out into a key success against the illegalities committed by Romsilva. After environmental activists submitted the necessary notifications to the competent authorities, the National Environmental Guard forced Romsilva to immediately stop the forest road construction. Romsilva was forced to bring the forest landscape to its initial state, after they started to build an illegal forest road in Mehedinți Plateau Geopark.
Romania’s Presidency of the European Union has ended on the 30th of June. Tens of meetings with EU representatives have taken place all over Romania on a diversity of topics. But there was something crucial that was missing from each public agenda, especially from the environment meetings: the actual situation and a firm conservation plan for the last European virgin forests, located in Romania. Besides their impressive and unique biodiversity, their all-time inestimable value for the country and local communities and for climate security, these forests become a stringent priority.
The six months have been used by Romanian activists as a full opportunity to reach officials who can make a difference for Romania’s precious natural heritage:
The first official environmental meeting took place in Timisoara where experts on climate change met to address issues, but unfortunately, they did not focus on the old-growth and virgin forests, which are, one of the best and most powerful weapon against climate change.
The first protest, which took place in Timisoara, stopped before it started, being blocked by the police, despite the peaceful approach of the two activists who were wearing a double-head T-shirt with a clear cut and the message “Welcome to Romania.” This turned into a media story, as the action was fully legal, peaceful and justified.
The next meeting was in Brasov, where all EU Directors on nature met in a hotel’s conference hall. Agent Green had reserved a room for a press conference on forests in the hotel as well but the room was denied one day before the conference. But for dedicated activists who care for their and the next generation’s future this is not a barrier. The conference did take place, but in the middle of the street, in front of the building. The action brought big media converage as the many journalist had the chance to face the EU directors with the true infromation they had just received from the activists outside. A similar action was done by Agent Green activists during a EU representatives Meeting in Bistrita.
The EU leaders meeting in Sibiu was preceded by an official public letter sent by Agent Green and EuroNatur to all the leaders – a call for help and intervention, referring to the latest IPBES Global Assessment on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services report. Unfortunately, only two answers were recieved. These were extremely appreciated, but the problem of Europe’s last virgin forests is a matter of continental interest and it is sad that, especially the environmental-related delegates, seam not to care. The rest of the 26 countries should be aware that they are also responsible for the natural heritage protection and that these are Europe’s last virgin forests and several thousands of years old.
Furthermore, the environment ministers met in Bucharest at the Palace of the Parliament. This time, the organization called for those whose future they are fighting for: the children. Special occasions require special measures: a huge collective painting event, where families and children were invited to paint the entire street from the front of the Palace of the Parliament. The painting had tremendous success among pedestriants, employees of the Parliament and internet users, having been photographed hundreds and hundreds of times.
Commissioner Vella’s press statement following the event was a light of hope that the efforts reached the goal: “The IPBES Global Assessment on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services session made this starkly clear. Let’s be blunt: if we fail to alter the fate of biodiversity and ecosystem loss, achieving the Paris Agreement objectives and the Sustainable Development Goals is nothing more than an illusion… We need to rapidly improve the implementation of existing policy instruments…The link between climate change and biodiversity loss is clearly on everyone’s radar.”
Last but not least, the Meeting in Gura Humorului was dedicated exclusively to forests. All the forest directors in the EU met in Romania’s most forested area. Included in the agenda was a trip to a beautiful virgin forest. Agent Green requersted to accompany the trip to ensure that also the reality of many other forests in Romania would be presented, was denied. Therefore, the activists launched an online call for the public – send emails to the ministry in order to ask them to show transparency for such meetings. Hundreds of people responded and wrote to the ministry but still the meeting remained closed. So, the activists found out the trip area and managed to hand out newly released leaflets with data to the situation of Romanian forests to the Ministers. This data is extracted exclusively from official documents, which were deliberately omitted in a meeting that could prove essential for the future of the next generations.
Even after the Romanian EU presidency, Agent Green And EuroNatur together with activists, other NGOs and civil Society will continue to put pressure on the Romanian Government and the EU until the Romanian virgin forests are seariously protected.
Brasov, Romania (April 8, 2019) – Today, in a press conference held in Brasov next to the Conference of EU Nature Directors, the forest lawyer of Agent Green announced the launch of complaints against the Romanian government due to strong evidence of legal breaches of EU legislation in relation to the ongoing logging disaster in Romania’s forests. The complaints criticise systemic failures by Romania: Forest management plans including logging permissions within Natura 2000 sites have been approved before any environmental checks and public consultations were pursued. The formal complaint will be submitted to the European Commission and the Aarhus Compliance Committee.
The press conference took place at the same venue where EU 28 biodiversity directors met during the Romanian presidency of the EU. The officials were welcomed with protest banners by Agent Green activists and invited to watch filmed evidence of recent destruction of EU protected Natura 2000 sites. The footage contradicts the claim of the Romanian Government that all laws and regulations are adhered to in Romania’s forests A broadcast on Facebook exposed giant clear-cuts stretching over whole mountain slopes in the Fagaras Mountains Natura 2000 site and was shown to journalist and officials attending the EU conference.
„The Romanian government enforced the forestry management plans within Natura 2000 sites before performing Strategic Environmental Assessments and the Appropriate Assessments as required by European legislation, and before the approval Order of the environmental minister was issued. The enforcement of the forest management plans before the environmental evaluation even started also breaches the Aarhus Convention, because public consultation must be realised before any decision was made, not after the plan was already enforced. We urge the EU Commission and the Aarhus Compliance Committee to turn this into a quick and hard infringement against Romania to halt the progressing large scale logging in many of Europe’s most valuable natural and virgin forests within Natura 2000 sites”, said Catalina Radulescu, Romanian lawyer partnering with Agent Green.
Romania hosts the largest natural and virgin forest heritage within the temperate climate zone of the EU. Several hundreds of thousands of hectares of these high conservation value forests are located within Natura 2000 sites, but lack proper protection. Thus, Agent Green and the Germany based EuroNatur Foundation are collaborating to document the systemic failure of the Romanian government to ensure proper implementation of the Natura 2000 protected areas network.
However, the Romanian government has denied access to relevant environmental information, meaning NGOs have not been able to give hard and detailed proof for the systemic implementation errors, which are clearly identifiable in many of Romania’s Natura 2000 sites. For this reason, no formal complaint for breaches of Natura 2000 has yet been filed with the European Commission.
„The destruction in the old-growth and virgin forests is clearly visible on satellite images and on the ground. In order to be able to file a complaint there is the need to provide documented evidence that breaches of Nature Directives are intentional and ongoing. But the Romanian government restricts access to relevant environmental information that should have been made available publicly. The Romanian Justice backs up this behaviour. So we are currently running 32 trials just to get access to the forest management plans. Having access to this documents is key to check consistency of forest management plans with the Natura 2000 management regimes to preserve listed habitats and species. Since the Justice ruled in some of the cases to keep this information secret we have no other choice but to escalate this case with the Aarhus Compliance Committee for violation of both access to information and public consultation pillars. We are confident that Aarhus will counter and correct the Romanian judiciary”, said Gabriel Paun from Agent Green.