Tag Archives: Sinca

EuroNatur and Agent Green welcome UNESCO World Heritage inscription of European beech forests

World Heritage Committee’s decision must give boost to primeval forest protection all over Europe – in particular in Romania

Radolfzell – The international foundation EuroNatur and Romanian environmental protection organisation Agent Green welcome the decision by the World Heritage Committee to inscribe 63  primeval and ancient beech forests and forest clusters to the UNESCO World Heritage List. This decision acknowledges the “outstanding universal value” of (endemic) European beech forests as a unique natural phenomenon, how a single tree species can shape large parts of a whole continent. The newly inscribed forest areas include the first ever Natural Heritage Areas of Austria – Wilderness Dürrenstein and Kalkalpen national park. In Romania paradise forests such the EU’s largest primeval beech forest of Nera Springs reserve (Semenic national park), parts of Domogled and Cozia national parks as well as Sinca and Slatioara secular forests in Romania are now certified by the World Heritage Committee.

“This is a historic move. Never before have so many different components, involving 10 nations, been inscribed to the World Heritage list. This is also a big step forward for international cooperation in nature conservation. And it is a strong signal for protection of Europe’s last primeval forests. Hopefully this decision leads to a turbo boost for forest conservation efforts all over Europe,” Gabriel Schwaderer, executive director of EuroNatur Foundation stated.

Improved forest protection is desperately needed, because ancient and primeval forests are under ongoing threat by logging in numerous European countries due to bioenergy and timber demand. In particular in Romania primeval forests are still being destroyed on a grand scale. The World Heritage list only considers areas with established protection status. But ten of thousands hectares of primeval forests in Romania do not yet have sufficient protection. “Romania must take protection of primeval forests in both state and private property seriously. The recent push by the new Government to dismantle its own forest protection laws is very much worrying. Logging of paradise forests in the surrounding of the new UNESCO World Heritage Areas must be halted immediately. IUCN explicitly filed critique about weak protection in some buffer zones of the designated World Heritage areas. Just outside the Sinca secular forest World Heritage Area, logging in primary forests, which are identical to the forest inside the reserve, continues. We call on the new Romanian Government to speed up and finalise the population of the ‘National Catalogue of Virgin Forests’ and ensure full law enforcement,” Gabriel Paun, president of Agent Green, said. 

Romania hosts the largest remains of primeval and ancient forests of Europe. Nera Springs virgin forest (Semenic national park) is the biggest untouched forest stand of the EU (except Scandinavia).  The world is currently looking at the disastrous logging and the deliberate destruction of precious forest stands in the buffer zone of the Bialowieza national park and UNESCO area. The strict core zone of the park protects the biggest lowland primeval forest  of Europa. The tragic and stubborn logging campaign by the Polish Government is a provocation and negative prejudice for environmental protection in all Europe. Thus it needs to be stopped now.
However, almost out of sight, in Romania primeval forest is vanishing day by day on a much larger scale. Only international attention and decisive action can stop that ongoing environmental disaster in Europe.

Sinca secular forest is part of the new World Heritage inscription. However, logging in surrounding primeval forests continues. EuroNatur and Agent Green call on the Romanian Government to take protection of primeval forests seriously.
Brutal logging of primeval beech-fir forest less than 500 meters upstream of the designated UNESCO site Sinca secular forest.
Majestic primeval beech forest in upper Stramba valley, close to the UNESCO listed Sinca secular forest (photography taken in July 2016). This paradise forest stand is not existing any more, it was logged (“thinned”) recently, despite NGO-complaints calling on authorities and the Government.
Heavy logging in the heart of Domogled national park, also at the borders of the new UNESCO World Heritage Area “Iauna Craiove”. The images (screenshot from Governmental website “Forest Inspector”) shows the number plates of trucks transporting the timber out of the valley. The logged forest is largely identical with the primeval stands inside the reserve. In Domogled national park huge areas of paradise forests are not included in the strictly protected zone.

Old-growth forests destroyed rapidly in Romania

Recent cases in the Strâmbei Valley and in the Şinca Forest (Făgăraş Mountains)
Violation of both Romanian and EU laws

Press release, 17 May 2016

Radolfzell. Although all primeval forests are strictly protected by law in Romania since 2008, they are still being destroyed. The most recent case discovered in the Făgăraş Mountains is particularly grave, as logging takes place in regions that are known to the authorities as primeval forests since 2005: in the Şinca Forest and in adjacent Strâmbei Valley.

Part of the Şinca virgin forest has been nominated a World Natural Heritage Site in February 2016 as part of Europe-wide nominations of primeval beech forests to the UNESCO. Current logging activities in the Şinca virgin forest are not only violating Romanian law, but also cast a bad light on the forest’s – otherwise highly commendable – nomination as a natural heritage of mankind. Further, World Natural Heritage Sites are subject to strict requirements, including regarding impacts on the surrounding areas and buffer zones.

The international nature conservation foundation EuroNatur considers the logging activities to also seriously violate existing EU conservation legislation. Both areas are part of the Natura 2000 site Făgăraş, which aims at preserving natural forest ecosystems. EuroNatur is calling on the Romanian government to immediately meet national and EU legal provisions by ensuring that all primeval forests in Romania be save from destruction. In the Făgăraş Mountains alone, several thousand hectares of unique virgin forests are at stake.

“The ongoing destruction of old-growth forests in Romania is subject to debates for more than a decade. Now the interim government led by prime minister Dacian Cioloş has to take immediate and resolute action to stop this disaster”, demands Gabriel Schwaderer, CEO of EuroNatur. “We urgently need a moratorium on any logging activities in all areas that potentially contain primeval forests. Otherwise it is to be feared that Romania’s unique natural heritage will be irrecoverably destroyed within the next few years.” There are a lot of inconsistencies relating to the protection of primeval forests in Romania. “It is a mystery to us, why only parts of the primeval forests in the Şinca-Strâmbei area were nominated as a World Heritage Site. It would have been consistent to safeguard the whole old-growth forest complex as a world heritage of humanity”, says Gabriel Schwaderer.

These activities that severely damage the European natural heritage have been revealed by photographer and EuroNatur partner Matthias Schickhofer. Over the Pentecost weekend he travelled these areas to photographically document some of the most impressive primeval forests of Europe. Matthias Schickhofer communicated the following coordinates of logging activities:

  • logging bordering the projected UNESCO World Heritage Site: 45.659921, 25.168471
  • this is the Şinca primeval forest that has been nominated to UNESCO: 45.665514, 25.166808
  • logging in adjacent Strâmbei Valley: 45.666234, 25.125813
  • old-growth forest in the western part of Strâmbei Valley: 45.660670, 25.126382


Fagaras Natura 2000 Site, Romania - July 2016: Ancient forest and logging in the southern Carpathians.
Devastation of Stramba virgin forest in the Fagaras Natura 2000 site.